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    The sensitive detection and identification of toxicants in oily matrices have suffered from difficulty in poisoning incidents, therefore it is necessary to develop the rapid and efficient analytical method to realize the on-site screening and analyzing. In this report, the surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method was used to detect paraquat and diquat poisons in various oily matrix coupled with solvent extraction. The solvent extraction not only remove interfering impurities of oily substrates, but also can enrich and separate the poisons from oily matrix. It was demonstrated that the ethanol as the extractant was suitable for the rapid separation of poisons such as paraquat (PQ) and diquat (DQ) in oily matrix (soy sauce, pasta sauce, sesame oil, chili oil). Moreover, combined with a handheld Raman spectrometer, the entire detection process was completed within 8 min with the level of 10 ppb PQ and 100 ppb DQ. Furthermore, double-blind experiments verify the reliability of this method. The results demonstrate that this rapid and convenient method could be used for the effective enrichment and sensitive detection of poisons in several oily matrix and has the grate potential application in emergency response and public safety. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Yongtao Wang, Pan Li, Dongyue Lin, Jianyi Chen, Yunfeng Zhang, Liangbao Yang. Ethanol-extraction SERS strategy for highly sensitive detection of poisons in oily matrix. Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy. 2021 Apr 30;259:119883

    PMID: 33971441

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