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MicroRNAs predicted to regulate neurotrophin signaling can be found in human perilymph. Animal and human temporal bone studies suggest that spiral ganglion health can affect cochlear implant (CI) outcomes. Neurotrophins have been identified as a key factor in the maintenance of spiral ganglion health. Changes in miRNAs may regulate neurotrophin signaling and may reflect neurotrophin expression levels. Perilymph sampling was carried out in 18 patients undergoing cochlear implantation or stapedotomy. Expression of miRNAs in perilymph was evaluated using an Agilent miRNA gene chip. Using ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) software, miRNAs targeting neurotrophin signaling pathway genes present in a cochlear cDNA library were annotated. Expression levels of miRNAs in perilymph were correlated to the patients' preoperative pure-tone average. Expression of mRNAs coding for neurotrophins and their receptors were identified in tissue obtained from normal human cochlea during skull base surgery. We identified miRNAs predicted to regulate these signaling cascades, including miR-1207-5p, miR-4651, miR-103-3p, miR-100-5p, miR-221-3p, miR-200-3p. There was a correlation between poor preoperative hearing and lower expression of miR-1207 (predicted to regulate NTR3) and miR-4651 (predicted to regulate NTR2). Additionally, miR-3960, miR-4481, and miR-675 showed significant differences in expression level when comparing mild and profound hearing loss patients. Expression of some miRNAs that are predicted to regulate neurotrophin signaling in the perilymph of cochlear implant patients vary with the patient's level of residual hearing. These miRNAs may serve as biomarkers for changes in neurotrophin signaling. Copyright © 2021, Otology & Neurotology, Inc.


Matthew Shew, Helena Wichova, Athanasia Warnecke, Thomas Lenarz, Hinrich Staecker. Evaluating Neurotrophin Signaling Using MicroRNA Perilymph Profiling in Cochlear Implant Patients With and Without Residual Hearing. Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology. 2021 Sep 01;42(8):e1125-e1133

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PMID: 33973949

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