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Lower serum concentration of apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) is causally associated with heart failure (HF) risk. Adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels (KATP), as gating channels coupling vascular reactivity and metabolism with ischemic protection, become a new potential target of management for HF. The KATP gene sequence is highly polymorphic and has a high degree of genetic heterogeneity. This work aimed to determine whether KATP variants predict the risks of decreased ApoA-I concentration and its related HF. A total of 634 individuals, including 317 patients with decreased ApoA-I concentration (< 120 mg/dL) and 317 counterpart participants (≥ 120 mg/dL), were retrospectively selected. Five KATP variants were genotyped through the MassARRAY platform. Exosome-derived microRNAs (exo-miRs) expression profiles were identified by next-generation sequencing, and the top 10 differentially expressed (DE) exo-miRs were verified using quantitative polymerase chain reaction in a validation cohort of 240 individuals with decreased ApoA-I concentration. KATP rs141294036 was related to an increased risk of lower ApoA-I levels (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.95, P = .002) and HF incidence (adjusted OR = 2.38, P = .009), especially heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF; adjusted OR = 2.13, P = .015). After a median 48.6-month follow-up, participants carrying the CC genotype of rs141294036 were associated with an elevated HF rehospitalization risk (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.91, P = .005). Thirty-six exo-miRs were significantly DE between different genotypes of rs141294036 in participants with lower ApoA-I levels, but only 5 exo-miRs (miR-31-5p, miR-126-5p, miR-106a-5p, miR-378i, and miR-181c-5p) were further confirmed. KATP rs141294036 was associated with increased risks of lower ApoA-I levels, HF incidence (especially HFpEF), and HF rehospitalization in those with the 5 confirmed exo-miRs and its related metabolic pathways. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Endocrine Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:


Cheng Liu, Yanxian Lai, Jingxian Pei, Huiling Huang, Junfang Zhan, Songsong Ying, Yan Shen. Clinical and Genetic Analysis of KATP Variants With Heart Failure Risk in Patients With Decreased Serum ApoA-I Levels. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. 2021 Jul 13;106(8):2264-2278

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PMID: 33982099

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