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    Several TBC1D24 variants are causally involved in the development of profound, prelingual hearing loss (HL) and different epilepsy syndromes inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Only two TBC1D24 pathogenic variants have been linked with postlingual progressive autosomal dominant HL (ADHL). To determine the role of TBC1D24 in the development of ADHL and to characterize the TBC1D24-related ADHL, clinical exome sequencing or targeted multigene (n = 237) panel were performed for probands (n = 102) from multigenerational ADHL families. In four families, TBC1D24-related HL was found based on the identification of three novel, likely pathogenic (c.553G>A, p.Asp185Asn; c.1460A>T, p. His487Leu or c.1461C>G, p.His487Gln) and one known (c.533C>T, p.Ser178Leu) TBC1D24 variant. Functional consequences of these variants were characterized by analyzing the proposed homology models of the human TBC1D24 protein. Variants not only in the TBC (p.Ser178Leu, p.Asp185Asn) but also in the TLDc domain (p.His487Gln, p.His487Leu) are involved in ADHL development, the latter two mutations probably affecting interactions between the domains. Clinically, progressive HL involving mainly mid and high frequencies was observed in the patients (n = 29). The progression of HL was calculated by constructing age-related typical audiograms. TBC1D24-related ADHL originates from the cochlear component of the auditory system, becomes apparent usually in the second decade of life and accounts for approximately 4% of ADHL cases. Given the high genetic heterogeneity of ADHL, TBC1D24 emerges as an important contributor to this type of HL.


    Dominika Oziębło, Marcin L Leja, Michal Lazniewski, Anna Sarosiak, Grażyna Tacikowska, Krzysztof Kochanek, Dariusz Plewczynski, Henryk Skarżyński, Monika Ołdak. TBC1D24 emerges as an important contributor to progressive postlingual dominant hearing loss. Scientific reports. 2021 May 13;11(1):10300

    PMID: 33986365

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