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    Wall teichoic acids (WTAs) are important components of the cell wall of the opportunistic Gram-positive bacterium  Staphylococcus aureus . WTAs are composed of repeating ribitol phosphate (RboP) residues that are decorated with  d -alanine and  N -acetyl- d -glucosamine (GlcNAc) modifications, in a seemingly random manner. These WTA-modifications play an important role in shaping the interactions of WTA with the host immune system. Due to the structural heterogeneity of WTAs, it is impossible to isolate pure and well-defined WTA molecules from bacterial sources. Therefore, we here report synthetic chemistry to assemble a broad library of WTA-fragments, incorporating all possible glycosylation modifications ( α -GlcNAc at the RboP C4;  β -GlcNAc at the RboP C4;  β -GlcNAc at the RboP C3) described for  S. aureus  WTAs. We have used DNA-type chemistry, employing ribitol phosphoramidite building blocks, protected with a dimethoxy trityl group, to efficiently generate a library of WTA-hexamers. Automated solid phase syntheses were used to assemble a WTA-dodecamer and glycosylated WTA-hexamer. The synthetic fragments have been fully characterized and diagnostic signals were identified to discriminate the different glycosylation patterns. The different glycosylated WTA-fragments were used to probe binding of monoclonal antibodies using WTA-functionalized magnetic beads, revealing the binding specificity of these WTA-specific antibodies and the importance of the specific location of the GlcNAc modifications on the WTA-chains. © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

    Citation

    Jeroen D C Codée, Sara Ali, Astrid Hendriks, Rob van Dalen, Thomas Bruyning, Nico Meeuwenoord, Herman Overkleeft, Dmitri Filippov, Gijs van der Marel, Nina van Sorge. Automated) Synthesis of Well-defined Staphylococcus Aureus Wall Teichoic Acid Fragments. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany). 2021 May 14


    PMID: 33991006

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