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To investigate the correlation between the content of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) in demineralized bone matrix (DBM) and its osteogenic activity in vitro and in vivo, in order to choose a simple and convenient method to evaluate the osteogenic activity of DBM. The left mid-femoral tissues of 9 donors were taken, and DBMs (S1-S9) were prepared by dynamic decalcification process, and inactivated DBM (control group) was prepared at the same time. Protease inhibitor method, collagenase method, guanidine hydrochloride/ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) method, and RIPA lysate method were used to extract BMP-2 in S1-S9 and inactivated DBMs. The BMP-2 content was measured and the differences between DBMs were compared. Then the S1-S9 and inactivated DBMs were co-cultured with mouse embryonic osteoblasts MC3T3-E1, respectively. The cell proliferation was detected by MTT method and fluorescence staining, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was detected at the same time. Thirty BALB/c male nude mice were divided into 10 groups, namely S1-S9 DBM groups (S1-S9 groups) and inactivated DBM group (control group), with 3 mice in each group. Muscle pockets of the middle thighs were prepared on both hindlimbs of mice in each group, and implanted corresponding DBM materials. At 4 weeks after operation, the samples were taken for HE staining observation and semi-quantitative evaluation, and the new bone formation score was calculated. The BMP-2 content of DBM derived from different donor bones was distinct. The BMP-2 content obtained by different extraction methods for DBM prepared from the same donor bone was also different, and the extraction efficiency of the guanidine hydrochloride/EDTA method was the highest. In vitro cell experiments, MTT test displayed that cell proliferations and ALP activity were significantly higher in S4 and S6 groups than in other groups at each time point after co-cultivation ( P<0.05). Moreover, the cell proliferation of S4 group was the most significant at 7 days ( P<0.05); fluorescence staining demonstrated that the osteoblasts of each group was in good condition, but the osteoblasts of S1, S2, S3, S4, and S6 groups were significantly more than other groups. In vivo ectopic osteogenesis experiments, the cartilage and new bone formation could be seen in the bone graft area of S1-S6 groups at 4 weeks after operation, and with the increase of BMP-2 content, the more new bone formation induced by the material, the higher the score of new bone formation of the material ( P<0.05). Among them, S4 and S6 groups contained a large number of chondrocytes and osteoblasts in the osteogenesis area. The osteogenic activity of DBM can be evaluated through BMP-2 quantitative detection combined with in vitro osteoblast proliferation and differentiation experiments.


Miao Li, Yulong Bai, Xiaoliang Pan, Jingjing Wang, Weiming Chen, Jingwan Luo, Kai Hu, Jinfa Chen. Study on the correlation between the content of bone morphogenetic protein 2 in demineralized bone matrix and its osteogenic activity in vitro and in vivo]. Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery. 2021 May 15;35(5):620-626

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PMID: 33998217

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