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The biocatalytic asymmetric reduction of prochiral ketones is a significant transformation in organic chemistry as chiral carbinols are biologically active molecules and may be used as precursors of many drugs. In this study, the bioreduction of 1-(benzo [d] [1,3] dioxol-5-yl) ethanone for the production of enantiomerically pure (S)-1-(1,3-benzodioxal-5-yl) ethanol was investigated using freeze-dried whole-cell of Lactobacillus fermentum P1 and the reduction conditions was optimized with a D-optimal experimental design-based optimization methodology. This is the first study using this optimization methodology in a biocatalytic asymmetric reduction. Using D-optimal experimental design-based optimization, optimum reaction conditions were predicted as pH 6.20, temperature 30 °C, incubation time 30 h, and agitation speed 193 rpm. For these operating conditions, it was estimated that the product could be obtained with 94% enantiomeric excess (ee) and 95% conversion rate (cr). Besides, the actual ee and cr were found to be 99% tested under optimized reaction conditions. These findings demonstrated that L. fermentum P1 as an effective biocatalyst to obtain (S)-1-(1,3-benzodioxal-5-yl) ethanol and with the D-optimal experimental design-based optimization, this product could be obtained with the 99% ee and 99% cr. Finally, the proposed mathematical optimization technique showed the applicability of the obtained results for asymmetric reduction reactions.

Citation

Akın Özdemir, Enes Dertli, Engin Şahin. Optimization of asymmetric reduction conditions of 1-(benzo [d] [1,3] dioxol-5-yl) ethanone by Lactobacillus fermentum P1 using D-optimal experimental design-based model. Preparative biochemistry & biotechnology. 2022;52(2):218-225

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PMID: 34028336

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