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    The development of well-defined atomically precise heteronuclear nanoclusters passivated by protecting ligands is presently a booming area, owing to the fact that doping well-known homonuclear nanostructures allows fine-tuning of their properties. Here, we explore by means of density functional theory calculations the possibility of doping the central gold atom in the classical [Au13(dppe)5Cl2]3+cluster (1) by Os. Although both [Au13(dppe)5Cl2]3+ and [Os@Au12(dppe)5Cl2] have the same total number of electrons, we show that they are not isoelectronic within the formalism of the superatom model, being respectively an 8- and an 18-electron species. It results that they exhibit similar structures but present significantly different optical behaviors (ultraviolet/visible and circular dichroism). Similar results are obtained for the Ru and Fe relatives. Emission properties indicate some redshift of the T1→S1 decay with respect to [Au13(dppe)5Cl2]3+, involving an equatorial distortion of the Au12Cl2 core in the T1 state, rather than the axial distortion afforded by 1. The sizable highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital gaps found for the three doped species suggest that further experimental exploration of different stable doped species derived from the ligand-protected Au12Cl2 core should be encouraged.


    Jianyu Wei, Peter L Rodríguez-Kessler, Jean-François Halet, Samia Kahlal, Jean-Yves Saillard, Alvaro Muñoz-Castro. On Heteronuclear Isoelectronic Alternatives to [Au13(dppe)5Cl2]3+: Electronic and Optical Properties of the 18-Electron Os@[Au12(dppe)5Cl2] Cluster from Relativistic Density Functional Theory Computations. Inorganic chemistry. 2021 Jun 07;60(11):8173-8180

    PMID: 34033476

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