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Heart valve disease is prevalent throughout the world, and the number of heart valve replacements is expected to increase rapidly in the coming years. Transcatheter heart valve replacement (THVR) provides a safe and minimally invasive means for heart valve replacement in high-risk patients. The latest clinical data demonstrates that THVR is a practical solution for low-risk patients. Despite these promising results, there is no long-term (>20 years) durability data on transcatheter heart valves (THVs), raising concerns about material degeneration and long-term performance. This review presents a detailed account of the materials development for THVRs. It provides a brief overview of THVR, the native valve properties, the criteria for an ideal THV, and how these devices are tested. A comprehensive review of materials and their applications in THVR, including how these materials are fabricated, prepared, and assembled into THVs is presented, followed by a discussion of current and future THVR biomaterial trends. The field of THVR is proliferating, and this review serves as a guide for understanding the development of THVs from a materials science and engineering perspective. © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Citation

Hieu T Bui, Nipa Khair, Breandan Yeats, Shelley Gooden, Susan P James, Lakshmi Prasad Dasi. Transcatheter Heart Valves: A Biomaterials Perspective. Advanced healthcare materials. 2021 Aug;10(15):e2100115

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PMID: 34038627

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