Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Angelman syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability (ID), a distinctive gait pattern, abnormal behaviors, severe impairment in language development, and characteristic facial features. Most cases are caused by the absence of a maternal contribution to the imprinted region on chromosome 15q11-q13. Here, we present the first reported case of a 3-year-old boy with an atypical phenotype of Angelman syndrome due to uniparental isodisomy with two recessive homozygous pathogenic variants: in HERC2 and AP3B2. Known phenotypes related to HERC2 and AP3B2 include ID and early infantile epileptic encephalopathy, respectively. The patient had severe global developmental delay and profound ID and showed a happy demeanor, stereotypic laughter, and hand-flapping movements, but also irritability. Craniofacial dysmorphic features, including brachycephaly, strabismus, wide ala nasi, short philtrum, wide open mouth, and slight hypopigmentation were seen. Progressive microcephaly was noted. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed delayed myelination and cerebral atrophy. Trio whole exome sequencing and CGH-SNP array analysis revealed paternal uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 15 and two coexisting recessive diseases resulting from homozygous HERC2 and AP3B2 pathogenic variants. The pathogenic variant in HERC2 was inherited from his heterozygous-carrier father, and the variant in AP3B2 was de novo. We suppose that these unusual features were the combination of the effect of three concomitant disorders. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Kimiko Ueda, Satoru Ogawa, Keiko Matsuda, Yuiko Hasegawa, Eriko Nishi, Kumiko Yanagi, Tadashi Kaname, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Nobuhiko Okamoto. Blended phenotype of combination of HERC2 and AP3B2 deficiency and Angelman syndrome caused by paternal isodisomy of chromosome 15. American journal of medical genetics. Part A. 2021 Oct;185(10):3092-3098

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34042275

View Full Text