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Somatotroph adenomas are obviously heterogeneous in clinical characteristics, imaging performance, pathological diagnosis and therapeutic effect. The heterogeneity of the tumors, especially for SG and DG type adenomas, have attracted great interest in identifying the specific pathological markers and therapeutic targets of them. However, previous analyses of the molecular characteristics of the subtypes of somatotroph adenomas were performed at genomic and transcriptome level. The proteomic differences between the two subtypes of somatotroph adenomas are still unknown. Tumor samples were surgically removed from 10 sporadic pituitary somatotroph adenoma patients and grouped according to the pathological type. Tandem mass tag (TMT)-based quantitative proteomic analysis was employed to analyze the proteomic differences between SG and DG tumors. In total, 228 differentially expressed proteins were identified between SG adenomas and DG adenomas. They were enriched mainly in extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction, leukocyte transendothelial migration, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and DNA replication pathways. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis indicated that Cadherin-1 and Catenin beta-1 were the most important key proteins in the differences between SG and DG adenomas. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) confirmed the expression levels of the key proteins. This study provides large-scale proteome molecular characteristics of distinct granulation subtypes of somatotroph adenomas. Compared with DG adenomas, The differential protein of SG adenomas mostly enrich in invasive and proliferative functions and pathways at the proteomic level. Cadherin-1 and Catenin beta-1 play key roles in the different biological characteristics of the two tumor subtypes. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


Yifan Tang, Tao Xie, Silin Wu, Qiaoqiao Yang, Tengfei Liu, Chen Li, Shuang Liu, Zhiyong Shao, Xiaobiao Zhang. Quantitative proteomics revealed the molecular characteristics of distinct types of granulated somatotroph adenomas. Endocrine. 2021 Nov;74(2):375-386

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PMID: 34043183

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