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Citrin deficiency is one of the most common inborn errors of metabolism in East Asians, which may manifest as neonatal cholestasis, failure to thrive and dyslipidaemia, or recurrent hyperammonaemic encephalopathy. Its molecular diagnosis requires confirmation of the presence of biallelic pathogenic variants in SLC25A13 gene by sequencing, and analysis for a common insertion IVS16ins3kb. However, patients with compatible biochemical features but only one monoallelic pathogenic variant have remained a diagnostic challenge. Here we report the development, validation and application of a multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay using an in-house oligonucleotide probemix and a customised Coffalyer.NET worksheet for detection of exonic copy number variations in SLC25A13. With this MLPA assay, we successfully identified the presence of a heterozygous exonic deletion in SLC25A13 in three of 15 (20%) unrelated individuals with only one monoallelic pathogenic variant detected using conventional methods. Three exonic deletions, two novel involving exon 14 and one reported involving exon 5, were subsequently confirmed with Sanger sequencing. In summary, we developed, evaluated, and demonstrated the clinical utility of an in-house MLPA assay to look for exonic deletions in SLC25A13 in patients with citrin deficiency. With the discovery of novel deletions, MLPA should be considered a test of choice for molecular diagnosis of citrin deficiency when the sequencing result is inconclusive. Copyright © 2021 Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Nike Kwai Cheung Lau, Hencher Han Chih Lee, Sammy Pak Lam Chen, Candy Wai Yan Ng, Chloe Miu Mak, Yeow Kuan Chong, Tammy Tsz Yan Tong, Mei Tik Leung, Chi Chung Shek, Yuet Ping Yuen, Chor Kwan Ching. In-house multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay for citrin deficiency: analytical validation and novel exonic deletions in SLC25A13. Pathology. 2021 May 24

PMID: 34045052

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