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    Wheat is one of the most important crops grown all around the world. Weeds cause significant yield loss and damage to wheat and their control is generally based on herbicide application. Regular use leads to herbicide resistance in weeds. This study aims to reveal molecular detection of Sinapis arvensis resistance mutation against ALS inhibiting herbicides. For this purpose, survey studies have been carried out in wheat growing areas in Amasya, Çorum, Tokat, and Yozgat provinces and wild mustard seeds have been collected from 310 different fields. According to bioassay tests with tribenuron-methyl, 13 of these populations, have not been affected by the registered dose of herbicide. When survived populations were subjected to dose-effect study and herbicides were applied at 26-fold, the highest and lowest resistance coefficients were determined as 7.2 (A-007) and 1.02 (T-034) respectively. In addition, B domain region from ALS gene was amplified and analyzed in molecular studies to determine point mutation in wild mustard against ALS herbicides. The PCR products were sequenced and target-site mutation to Leucine was observed at Trp-574 amino acide. In the study, point mutation in Trp-574 amino acide and Trp-574 Leu mutation in Sinapis arvensis have been detected for the first time in Turkey. ©2021 Sin et al.


    Bahadir Sin, İzzet Kadıoglu. Trp-574-Leu mutation in wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis L.) as a result of als inhibiting herbicide applications. PeerJ. 2021;9:e11385

    PMID: 34046259

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