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Annexin A4 and A5 (ANXA4, ANXA5), both shown to be required for efficient plasma membrane repair (PMR) in living cells, bind as trimers to anionic membranes in the presence of calcium. Both annexins induce membrane curvature and self-assemble into crystal arrays on membranes, observations that have been associated with PMR. However, in-vitro studies of annexins have traditionally been performed using single annexins, despite the recruitment of multiple annexins to the damage site in cells. Hence, we study the potential cooperativity of ANXA4 and ANXA5 during membrane binding. Laser injury experiments were performed on MCF7 cells transfected to transiently express labelled ANXA4 and ANXA5 to study the localization of the proteins at the damage site. Using free-edged DOPC/DOPS (9:1) membranes we investigated the annexin-induced membrane rolling by fluorescence microscopy and the lateral arrangement of annexin trimers on the membrane surface by atomic force microscopy (AFM). ANXA4 and ANXA5 colocalise at the damage site of MCF7 cells during repair. A (1:1) mixture of ANXA4 and ANXA5 induces membrane rolling with a time constant intermediate between the value for the pure annexins. While binding of the pure annexins creates crystal lattices, the (1:1) mixture generates a random arrangement of trimers. Thus, curvature induction remains as a functional property of annexin mixtures in PMR rather than crystal formation. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Anna Mularski, Stine Lauritzen Sønder, Anne Sofie Busk Heitmann, Jesper Nylandsted, Adam Cohen Simonsen. Simultaneous membrane binding of Annexin A4 and A5 suppresses 2D lattice formation while maintaining curvature induction. Journal of colloid and interface science. 2021 Oct 15;600:854-864

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PMID: 34052534

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