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    Bile salts is one of essential components of bile secreted into the intestine to confer antibacterial protection. Cronobacter species are associated with necrotizing enterocolitis in newborns and show a strong tolerance to bile salts. However, little attempt has been made to focus on the molecular basis of the tolerance to bile salts. In this study, we investigated the roles of tolC on growth, cell morphology, motility, and biofilm formation ability in Cronobacter malonaticus under bile salt stress. The results indicated that the absence of tolC significantly affected the colony morphology and outer membrane structure in a normal situation, compared with those of the wild type strain. The deletion of tolC caused the decline in resistance to bile salt stress, inhibition of growth, and observable reduction in relative growth rate and motility. Moreover, the bacterial stress response promoted the biofilm formation ability of the mutant strain. The expression of the AcrAB-TolC system (acrA, acrB, and tolC) was effectively upregulated compared with the control sample when exposed to different bile salt concentrations. The findings provide valuable information for deeply understanding molecular mechanisms about the roles of tolC under bile salt stress and the prevention and control of C. malonaticus. Copyright © 2021 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Xin Wang, Yaping Wang, Na Ling, Yizhong Shen, Danfeng Zhang, Dengyu Liu, Dexin Ou, Qingping Wu, Yingwang Ye. Effects of tolC on tolerance to bile salts and biofilm formation in Cronobacter malonaticus. Journal of dairy science. 2021 Sep;104(9):9521-9531

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    PMID: 34099300

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