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    In this article, assistance to bone cement injection is studied, with a focus on vertebroplasty, a procedure dedicated to the treatment of vertebral compression fractures. A robotic system that can remotely be operated at pressures up to 140 bar is presented. It improves cement polymerization control, combining a cold passive exchanger that slows down the cement curing in the syringe and an active exchanger that controls the injected cement temperature. The cement remote injection uses a rate control teleoperation strategy with force feedback to help monitoring the cement state. In addition to laboratory assessments, cadaver experiments were performed to illustrate the satisfactory operation of the whole system.


    N Neumann, L Meylheuc, L Barbe, J Garnon, G Koch, A Gangi, Bernard Bayle. Robot-Assisted Bone Cement Injection. IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering. 2022 Jan;69(1):138-147

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    PMID: 34110988

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