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    Highly efficient and straightforward synthetic routes toward the first total synthesis of 2-(p-hydroxybenzyl)-prodigiosins (2-5), isoheptylprodigiosin (6), and geometric isomers of tambjamine MYP1 ((E/Z)-7) have been developed. The crucial steps involved in these synthetic routes are the construction of methoxy-bipyrrole-carboxaldehydes (MBCs) and a 20-membered macrocyclic core and a regioselective demethylation of MBC analogues. These new synthetic routes enabled us to generate several natural prodiginines 24-27 in larger quantity. All of the synthesized natural products exhibited potent asexual blood-stage antiplasmodial activity at low nanomolar concentrations against a panel of Plasmodium falciparum parasites, with a great therapeutic index. Notably, prodiginines 6 and 24-27 provided curative in vivo efficacy against erythrocytic Plasmodium yoelii at 25 mg/kg × 4 days via oral route in a murine model. No overt clinical toxicity or behavioral change was observed in any mice treated with prodiginines and tambjamines.

    Citation

    Papireddy Kancharla, Yuexin Li, Monish Yeluguri, Rozalia A Dodean, Kevin A Reynolds, Jane X Kelly. Total Synthesis and Antimalarial Activity of 2-(p-Hydroxybenzyl)-prodigiosins, Isoheptylprodigiosin, and Geometric Isomers of Tambjamine MYP1 Isolated from Marine Bacteria. Journal of medicinal chemistry. 2021 Jun 24;64(12):8739-8754

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    PMID: 34111350

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