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    Brefeldin A (BFA) disrupts the structure of the Golgi apparatus to trigger ER stress signaling pathways. On the other hand, treatment with BFA induces the activation of CREB3, the protein structure of which is similar to that of ATF6. In this study, we established Neuro2a cells in which three different transcription factors, namely, ATF4, ATF3 and CREB3, were deficient using the CRISPR/Cas9 approach, and we investigated the BFA-induced ER and Golgi stress response in these cells. BFA treatment rapidly induced ATF4, ATF3, Herp and GADD153 protein expression in Neuro2a cells. ATF4-deficient Neuro2a cells exhibited significantly decreased mRNA and protein expression of ATF3 and Herp but not GADD153; however, cells deficient in ATF3 exhibited minimal effects on GADD34, GADD153 and Herp expression. The cleavage of CREB3 in Neuro2a cells was triggered by BFA; however, the expression of several ER and Golgi stress-related factors was hardly influenced by the CREB3 deficiency in these Neuro2a cells. This study shows that CREB3 minimally associates with typical ER stress-inducible responses in Neuro2a cells. Therefore, identification and characterization of the downstream transcriptional targets of CREB3 is required to clarify not only Golgi stress response but also its relationship with ER stress signaling pathways. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


    Kentaro Oh-Hashi, Tomoyuki Hasegawa, Yuri Mizutani, Kanto Takahashi, Yoko Hirata. Elucidation of brefeldin A-induced ER and Golgi stress responses in Neuro2a cells. Molecular and cellular biochemistry. 2021 Oct;476(10):3869-3877

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    PMID: 34129155

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