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Computational approaches for predicting drug-target interactions (DTIs) play an important role in drug discovery since conventional screening experiments are time-consuming and expensive. In this study, we proposed end-to-end representation learning of a graph neural network with an attention mechanism and an attentive bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM) to predict DTIs. For efficient training, we introduced a bidirectional encoder representations from transformers (BERT) pretrained method to extract substructure features from protein sequences and a local breadth-first search (BFS) to learn subgraph information from molecular graphs. Integrating both models, we developed a DTI prediction system. As a result, the proposed method achieved high performances with increases of 2.4% and 9.4% for AUC and recall, respectively, on unbalanced datasets compared with other methods. Extensive experiments showed that our model can relatively screen potential drugs for specific protein. Furthermore, visualizing the attention weights provides biological insight.


Wei Chen, Guanxing Chen, Lu Zhao, Calvin Yu-Chian Chen. Predicting Drug-Target Interactions with Deep-Embedding Learning of Graphs and Sequences. The journal of physical chemistry. A. 2021 Jul 01;125(25):5633-5642

PMID: 34142824

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