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Methionine (MET) is combined with paracetamol (PAR) in a pain relief soft capsule in order to prevent the haematologic damage of paracetamol. A hydrophillic liquid chromatographic (HILIC) method was developed for simultaneous determination of PAR and MET in the combined formulation. Various analytical conditions were investigated, and the final method was chosen using silica column (150 × 4,6 mm; 5 μm), mobile phase of acetonitrile - aqueous solution of 10 mM formic acid 5 mM diethylamine (60:40, v/v), UV detection at 254 nm for PAR and 210 nm for MET. The method was validated according to ICH guidelines in terms of selectivity, linearity, accuracy, precision and robustness. The method was successfully applied for quantitation of both compounds in soft capsule preparations bought from the market. Notably, in this study, a novel approach was proposed to improve peak shape of amino acid - a problem often observed in HILIC. The addition of diethylamine to mobile phase shortened the retention time of MET and significantly improved peak shape on both silica and cyano columns, due to electrostatic interaction competition and silanol end-capping effect. The result of this research demonstrated the advantages of HILIC in simultaneous analysis of a polar compound amino acid, especially in combination with a less polar substance. The use of diethylamine as a mobile phase modifier to enhance peak shape is a new suggestion that can be used in further studies on amino acid analysis by HILIC. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Vu Ngan Binh, Vu Thi Phuong Hue, Pham Thi Thanh Ha. Peak shape enhancement using diethylamine in hydrophilic liquid interaction chromatography: Application in simultaneous determination of methionine and paracetamol. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. 2021 Sep 05;203:114214

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PMID: 34153937

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