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    Phosphatidylserine (PS) is essential for inflammation-associated thrombogenesis, but the exact effect of PS on the prothrombotic state in periodontitis is uncertain. This study aimed to determine the PS-related procoagulant state in patients with periodontitis. A total of 138 patients with periodontitis were examined compared with 42 healthy controls. PS-exposing cells and microvesicles in blood samples were detected by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The clotting time assay and prothrombinase complex formation assay were used to measure the procoagulant activity of microvesicles, blood cells and endothelial cells. Periodontal clinical parameters and laboratory characteristics of patients with severe periodontitis were recorded and analyzed at baseline and 6 months after non-surgical periodontal therapy. Total PS-positive (PS+ ) microvesicles and the percentage of PS+ blood cells increased in patients with severe periodontitis compared with patients with moderate/mild periodontitis or healthy controls. Endothelial cells cultured in serum from patients with severe periodontitis expressed more PS compared with those cultured in serum from healthy controls. Specifically, PS exposure on blood cells and endothelial cells significantly decreased after inhibiting the effect of inflammatory cytokines. The elevated levels of PS+ cells and microvesicles in severe periodontitis shortened clotting time and led to increased prothrombinase complex formation. Non-surgical periodontal therapy significantly attenuated the release of microvesicles and the PS exposure of blood cells in severe periodontitis. The prothrombotic state of patients with periodontitis is mediated by PS+ cells and microvesicles stimulated by elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines. © 2021 American Academy of Periodontology.


    Nan Zuo, Wenhui Liu, Tenglong Hu, Yingmiao Liu, Baorong Li, Huan Liu, Haijiao Jing, Xiaojing Chen, Yueyue Li, Jingwen Du, Tianshui Hu, Zengxiang Dong, Yumei Niu, Jialan Shi. Microvesicles, blood cells, and endothelial cells mediate phosphatidylserine-related prothrombotic state in patients with periodontitis. Journal of periodontology. 2022 Feb;93(2):287-297

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    PMID: 34155635

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