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    Mercury chloride (HgCl2) acts as a bioaccumulator capable of causing numerous neurological and physiological changes in organisms in a negative way. However, rutin has been considered a very effective antioxidant compound in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, as it can neutralize radicals capable of damaging neuronal cells. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate rutin as a neoprotective agent against the damage induced by HgCl2 in Drosophila melanogaster. The exposure of the flies to the agents was carried out in triplicate, and about 150 adult flies were evaluated. To assess the antioxidant action of rutin, MTT, phenanthroline, nitric oxide, total thiols and NPSH tests were carried out in the following concentrations: Control (1500 μL of distilled water), 1 mg/g of HgCl2, 0.5 mg/g of Rutin + HgCl2, 1 mg/g of Rutin + HgCl2, 2 mg/g of Rutin + HgCl2. The locomotion test was verified by negative geotaxis, the result of which showed that flies exposed to HgCl2 had difficulties in flight. The group treated with HgCl2 alone had a high mortality rate, while in combination with different concentrations of rutin, it heard a moderate reduction in the number of deaths, as well as in the negative geotaxis data in which the rutin had a positive effect. An increase in iron (II) levels was observed at the highest concentrations of rutin, while at low concentrations, rutin significantly decreased nitric oxide levels. The HgCl2 + R group (2 mg/g) showed a significant increase in the total thiols content, while for the NPSH all rutin concentrations showed a significant increase in the levels of non-protein thiols. Our results demonstrate that mercury chloride can cause oxidative stress in D. melanogaster. However, the results suggest that rutin has antioxidant and protective effects against the damage caused by HgCl2. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Kleber Ribeiro Fidelis, Ricardo Gomes Dos Santos Nunes, Cícera Simoni da Silva, Carlos Vinicius Barros Oliveira, Adrielle Rodrigues Costa, Jailson Renato de Lima Silva, Larisse Bernardino Dos Santos, Elayne Eally Silva de Oliveira, Pedro Silvino Pereira, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, Jean Paul Kamdem, Antônia Eliene Duarte, Antônio Ivanildo Pinho, Luiz Marivando Barros. Evaluation of the neuroprotective effect of rutin on Drosophila melanogaster about behavioral and biochemical aspects induced by mercury chloride (HgCl2). Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP. 2021 Nov;249:109119

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    PMID: 34182094

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