Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • 100 proteins (1)
  • antigens (2)
  • BcsZ (3)
  • FepA (1)
  • FhuA (1)
  • FliK (3)
  • human (1)
  • mice (3)
  • salmonella (8)
  • vaccines (3)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Salmonella is a leading cause of foodborne pathogen which causes intestinal and systemic diseases across the world. Vaccination is the most effective protection against Salmonella, but the identification and design of an effective broad-spectrum vaccine is still a great challenge, because of the multi-serotypes of Salmonella. Reverse vaccinology is a new tool to discovery and design vaccine antigens combining human immunology, structural biology and computational biology with microbial genomics. In this study, reverse vaccinology, an in-silico approach was established to screen appropriate immunogen targets by calculating the immunogenicity score of 583 non-redundant outer membrane and secreted proteins of Salmonella. Herein among 100 proteins identified with top-ranked scores, 15 representative antigens were selected randomly. Applying the sequence conservation test, four proteins (FliK, BcsZ, FhuA and FepA) remained as potential vaccine candidates for in vivo evaluation of immunogenicity and immunoprotection. All four candidates were capable to trigger the immune response and stimulate the production of antiserum in mice. Furthermore, top-ranked proteins including FliK and BcsZ provided wide antigenic coverage among the multi-serotype of Salmonella. The S. Typhimurium LT2 challenge model used in mice immunized with FliK and BcsZ showed a high relative percentage survival (RPS) of 52.74 % and 64.71 % respectively. In conclusion, this study constructed an in-silico pipeline able to successfully pre-screen the vaccine targets characterized by high immunogenicity and protective immunity. We show that reverse vaccinology allowed screening of appropriate broad-spectrum vaccines for Salmonella. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.


    Jie Li, Jingxuan Qiu, Zhiqiang Huang, Tao Liu, Jing Pan, Qi Zhang, Qing Liu. Reverse vaccinology approach for the identifications of potential vaccine candidates against Salmonella. International journal of medical microbiology : IJMM. 2021 Jul;311(5):151508

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34182206

    View Full Text