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The microalga Poterioochromonas malhamensis was found to be capable of accumulating the storage β-1,3-glucan in soluble form under heterotrophic conditions. In this study, the highest biomass yield of 32.8 g L-1 was achieved by combining the utilization of ammonium chloride as the nitrogen source, simultaneous addition of vitamins B1 and B12 and maintenance of pH at 6.0. Sugar profiling and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis indicated that the P. malhamensis β-1,3-glucan was composed of glucose with the β-(1 → 3) main chain and the β-(1 → 6) side chain. Under the optimal cultivation conditions, the cellular β-1,3-glucan content was up to 55% of the cell dry weight. Moreover, the P. malhamensis β-1,3-glucan could significantly promote the fin regeneration and improve the in vivo antioxidative activity of zebrafish. This study underpins the feasibility of culturing P. malhamensis under heterotrophic conditions for producing the highly water-soluble bioactive β-1,3-glucans for food and pharmaceutical applications. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Mingyang Ma, Yanhua Li, Jianping Chen, Fuchen Wang, Li Yuan, Yi Li, Baocai Zhang, Ding Ye, Danxiang Han, Hu Jin, Qiang Hu. High-cell-density cultivation of the flagellate alga Poterioochromonas malhamensis for biomanufacturing the water-soluble β-1,3-glucan with multiple biological activities. Bioresource technology. 2021 Oct;337:125447

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PMID: 34186327

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