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    Mutations in the PSEN1 gene are the most common cause of autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease, and are characterized by a high phenotype variability. This study describes a five-generation family, with a prevalent late-onset of the disease and a high frequency of depression, in which a new missense mutation (c.789T > G, p.Cys263Trp) in exon 8 of the PSEN1 gene was found. Only the proband presented an early onset at the age of 45 with attention deficit, followed by spatial disorientation, psychiatric symptoms and parkinsonian signs. The other two cases had a late onset of the disease and a typical presentation with memory loss. Both were characterized by a high level of anxiety and depression. The disease course was different with signs of Lewy body dementia for the proband's mother, and pyramidal involvement and a shorter disease duration for the proband's maternal aunt. The other eight cases with late-onset dementia and three cases with a long history of depression have been reported in the family pedigree, underlying the high phenotype variability of PSEN1 mutations.


    Rosanna Tortelli, Davide Seripa, Chiara Zecca, Maria Teresa Dell'Abate, Paola Bisceglia, Maria Rosaria Barulli, Roberto De Blasi, Giancarlo Logroscino. A New Presenilin 1 (Psen1) Mutation (p.Cys263Trp) as a Cause of Both Early and Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease in a Large Italian Family. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Jun 09;22(12)

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    PMID: 34207526

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