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The reported donor donor-acceptor ("DD-A") fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) was typically achieved through random collisions and interactions of DNA molecules in the bulk solution, which has inevitable defects, including weak biological stability, slow reaction kinetics, and low hybridization efficiency. In order to overcome these deficiencies, this work developed a quadrivalent cruciform DNA nanostructure (qCDN)-mediated cascaded catalyzed hairpin assembly (CHA) amplifier for the fluorescence detection of amyloid β oligomer species (AβOs). First, four H1 and four H2 hairpins were assembled on one qCDN to obtain qCDNH1 and qCDNH2, respectively. In the presence of AβOs, strand C was released from the P1-C hybrid hairpin and then alternately opened qCDNH1 and qCDNH2 to trigger the qCDN-mediated CHA. As a result, double donors in H1 and one acceptor in H2 were mutually closed, and the porous DNA nanonet with a high loading of "DD-A" FRET binary probes was formed. The FRET efficiency was approximately 78%, and the initial reaction rate was 25-fold faster than the conventional CHA. The detection limit of AβOs was as low as 0.69 pM. The combination of the "DD-A" FRET binary probes and qCDN-mediated cascaded amplifier exhibited great promise for detecting biomarkers with trace levels.


Yuanyuan Zhang, Jinwen Zhao, Guomin Yang, Ying He, Shihong Chen, Ruo Yuan. Ultrasensitive Detection of Amyloid β Oligomers Based on the "DD-A" FRET Binary Probes and Quadrivalent Cruciform DNA Nanostructure-Mediated Cascaded Amplifier. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2021 Jul 14;13(27):32013-32021

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PMID: 34212714

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