Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a genetic disorder characterized by hypohidrosis, hypodontia, and hypotrichosis. Autosomal forms of the disease are caused by mutations in either EDAR or EDARADD. To date, the underlying pathomechanisms for HED resulting from EDARADD mutations have not fully been disclosed. In this study, we performed detailed in vitro analyses in order to characterize three dominantly inherited missense mutations, p.D120Y, p.L122R, and p.D123N, and one recessively inherited missense mutation, p.E152K, in the EDARADD gene. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB reporter assays demonstrated that all the mutant EDARADD showed reduction in activation of NF-κB. Importantly, p.D120Y-, p.L122R-, and p.D123N-mutant EDARADD slightly reduced the NF-κB activity induced by wild-type EDARADD in a dominant negative manner. Co-immunoprecipitation assays showed that all of the mutant EDARADD were capable of binding to EDAR and wild-type EDARADD. Additional co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that p.D120Y-, p.L122R-, and p.D123N-mutant EDARADD markedly prevented the interaction between EDAR and wild-type EDARADD, which further indicated a dominant negative effect by these mutations. Finally, we found that p.D120Y-, p.L122R-, and p.D123N-mutant EDARADD completely lost the ability to bind with TRAF6, while p.E152K-mutant EDARADD showed a mild reduction in the affinity. Our findings will provide crucial information toward unraveling the molecular mechanisms how EDARADD gene mutations cause the disease. © 2021 Japanese Dermatological Association.


Nobuyuki Asano, Shuichiro Yasuno, Ryota Hayashi, Yutaka Shimomura. Characterization of EDARADD gene mutations responsible for hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. The Journal of dermatology. 2021 Oct;48(10):1533-1541

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34219261

View Full Text