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The enzymes, catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) are important drug targets, and inhibitors of these enzymes are established therapy for symptomatic Parkinson's disease (PD). COMT inhibitors enhance the bioavailability of levodopa to the brain, and therefore are combined with levodopa for the treatment of motor fluctuations in PD. Inhibitors of the MAO-B isoform, in turn, are used as monotherapy or in conjunction with levodopa in PD, and function by reducing the central degradation of dopamine. It has been reported that 1-tetralone and 1-indanone derivatives are potent and specific inhibitors of MAO-B, while compounds containing the nitrocatechol moiety (e.g. tolcapone and entacapone) are often potent COMT inhibitors. The present study attempted to discover compounds that exhibit dual COMT and MAO-B inhibition by synthesizing series of 1-tetralone, 1-indanone and related derivatives substituted with the nitrocatechol moiety. These compounds are structurally related to series of nitrocatechol derivatives of chalcone that have recently been investigated as potential dual COMT/MAO inhibitors. The results show that 4-chromanone derivative (7) is the most promising dual inhibitor with IC50 values of 0.57 and 7.26 μM for COMT and MAO-B, respectively, followed by 1-tetralone derivative (4d) with IC50 values of 0.42 and 7.83 μM for COMT and MAO-B, respectively. Based on their potent inhibition of COMT, it may be concluded that nitrocatechol compounds investigated in this study are appropriate for peripheral COMT inhibition, which represents an important strategy in the treatment of PD. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Andries D de Beer, Lesetja J Legoabe, Anél Petzer, Jacobus P Petzer. The inhibition of catechol O-methyltransferase and monoamine oxidase by tetralone and indanone derivatives substituted with the nitrocatechol moiety. Bioorganic chemistry. 2021 Sep;114:105130

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PMID: 34225162

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