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Vitamin C is an essential vitamin for human beings. It has a huge market in the fields of food and pharmaceuticals. 2-keto-L-gulonic acid is an important precursor to produce vitamin C by microbial fermentation in industrial. In microbial fermentations, the L-sorbose pathway and the D-gluconate pathway have been the focus of research because of high yield. This article aims at stating recent research progress in dehydrogenases related to biosynthesis of vitamin C in the L-sorbose pathway and the D-gluconate pathway. The properties of dehydrogenase in terms of localization, substrate specificity, cofactors, and electron transport carrier are elaborated. And then, the main problems and strategies are reviewed in the L-sorbose pathway and in the D-gluconate pathway. Finally, future research on the dehydrogenases in the biosynthesis of vitamin C through L-sorbose pathway and D-gluconate pathway is discussed.


Yue Chen, Jingwen Zhou, Jian Chen. Progress in vitamin C biosynthesis related dehydrogenases]. Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology. 2021 Jun 25;37(6):1827-1844

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PMID: 34227279

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