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Antigens of the MNS blood group system are expressed on the red blood cell (RBC) membrane on glycophorin A (GPA) and glycophorin B (GPB) or on hybrid molecules of GPA and GPB. This study investigated the distribution of glycophorin variants and alloantibodies against Hil and MINY among Japanese individuals. Mi(a+) or Hil+ RBCs were screened using an automated blood grouping machine (PK7300) with monoclonal anti-Mia or polyclonal anti-Hil. Glycophorin variants were defined by serology with monoclonal antibodies against Mia , Vw, MUT and Mur, and polyclonal antibodies against Hil, MINY and Hop + Nob (KIPP). The glycophorin variants were further confirmed by immunoblotting and Sanger sequencing. Alloanti-Hil and alloanti-MINY in the plasma were screened using GP.Hil RBCs in an antiglobulin test. The specificity of anti-Hil or anti-MINY was assessed using GP.Hil (Hil+MINY+) and GP.JL (Hil-MINY+) RBCs. The GP.HF, GP.Mur, GP.Hut, GP.Vw, GP.Kip and GP.Bun frequencies in 1 005 594 individuals were 0·0357%, 0·0256%, 0·0181%, 0·0017%, 0·0009% and 0·0007%, respectively. GP.Hil was found in as four of the 13 546 individuals (0·0295%). Of 137 370 donors, 10 had anti-Hil (0·0073%) and three had anti-MINY (0·0022%). Glycophorin variants were relatively rare in Japanese individuals, with the major variants being GP.HF (0·0357%), GP.Hil (0·0295%) and GP.Mur (0·0256%). Only one example of anti-MINY was previously reported, but we found three more in this study. © 2021 International Society of Blood Transfusion.


Sayaka Kaito, Yumi Suzuki, Atsuko Masuno, Kazumi Isa, Chizu Toyoda, Takayuki Onodera, Kenichi Ogasawara, Makoto Uchikawa, Nelson-Hirokazu Tsuno, Masahiro Satake. Frequencies of glycophorin variants and alloantibodies against Hil and MINY antigens in Japanese. Vox sanguinis. 2022 Jan;117(1):94-98

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PMID: 34227688

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