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Integrating microalgae culture and wastewater purification is a promising technology for sustainable bioresource production. However, the challenge is that toxins in wastewater usually limit risk elimination and cause poor bioresource production. Easy-to-biodegrade substrates could alleviate the resistant stress on a bacterial community but we know little about how they function with microalgae. In this study, we tested if Easy-to-biodegrade substrates could simultaneously promote Chlorella to degrade antibiotic amoxicillin (AMO) and produce bioresources. Sodium acetate (NaAC) was used as the representative co-substrate. The results showed NaAC could enhance AMO removal by 76%. The β-lactam structure was destroyed and detoxified to small molecules, due to the up-regulation of hydrolase, oxidoreductase, reductase, and transferase. Chlorella biomass production increased by 36%. The genes encoding the glutathione metabolism and peroxisome pathways were significantly up-regulated to alleviate the antibiotic stress, and the DNA replication pathway was activated. As a result, the production of lipid, carbohydrate, and protein was enhanced by 61%, 122%, and 34%, respectively. This study provides new insights for using microalgae to recover bioresources from toxic wastewater and reveals the critical underlying mechanisms. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Chongjun Zhang, Qifeng Zhang, Shuangshi Dong, Dandan Zhou. Could co-substrate sodium acetate simultaneously promote Chlorella to degrade amoxicillin and produce bioresources? Journal of hazardous materials. 2021 Sep 05;417:126147

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PMID: 34229410

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