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    Previous studies have revealed the importance of inter-tissue communications for lifespan regulation. However, the inter-tissue network responsible for lifespan regulation is not well understood, even in a simple organism Caenorhabditis elegans. To understand the mechanisms underlying systemic lifespan regulation, we focused on lifespan regulation by the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling (IIS) pathway; IIS reduction activates the DAF-16/FOXO transcription factor, which results in lifespan extension. Our tissue-specific knockdown and knockout analyses demonstrated that IIS reduction in neurons and the intestine markedly extended lifespan. DAF-16 activation in neurons resulted in DAF-16 activation in the intestine and vice versa. Our dual gene manipulation method revealed that intestinal and neuronal DAF-16 mediate longevity induced by daf-2 knockout in neurons and the intestine, respectively. In addition, the systemic regulation of intestinal DAF-16 required the IIS pathway in intestinal and neurons. Collectively, these results highlight the importance of the neuronal DAF-16-to-intestinal DAF-16 communication for organismal lifespan regulation. © 2021 The Authors.


    Masaharu Uno, Yuri Tani, Masanori Nono, Emiko Okabe, Saya Kishimoto, Chika Takahashi, Ryoji Abe, Takuya Kurihara, Eisuke Nishida. Neuronal DAF-16-to-intestinal DAF-16 communication underlies organismal lifespan extension in C. elegans. iScience. 2021 Jul 23;24(7):102706

    PMID: 34235410

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