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    To investigate the effect of wavefront aberrations on night vision problems and mesopic contrast threshold after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). Forty-two participants (84 eyes) who underwent SMILE were included in this prospective observational study. Visual outcomes including uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), subjective manifest refraction, mesopic contrast threshold (Binoptometer 4P; Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH), and higher order aberrations (HOAs) were analyzed before and 3 months after surgery. The patient's night vision satisfaction was assessed using a questionnaire. The mean spherical equivalent was -5.30 ± 1.38 diopters (D) preoperatively and -0.06 ± 0.15 D postoperatively. UDVA was better than 20/20 in 98.81% of the patients and better than 20/25 in all patients. Scores of night vision satisfaction and glare changed significantly in the postoperative period (F = 8.463, P = .001; F = 69.518, P < .001, respectively). Preoperative spherical diopters (lower order aberrations) were positively correlated with night vision satisfaction (r = -0.329, P = .041) and glare score (r =-0.332, P = .039). Age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.272, 95% CI = 1.019 to 1.589) and preoperative spherical diopter (OR = 0.437, 95% CI = 0.199 to 0.975) were correlated with night vision satisfaction scores by analysis of binary regression. The root mean square value of total HOAs increased 3 months after surgery (t = -6.873, P < .001) with an increase in horizontal coma (Z31) and spherical aberration (Z40) (P < .001). No correlation was observed between glare score and HOAs; however, patients with higher preoperative myopia demonstrated continuously decreasing contrast under mesopic conditions and higher postoperative horizontal coma. Myopic patients with higher preoperative spherical errors experienced more glare at night after SMILE surgery. Postoperative horizontal coma was associated with worse mesopic contrast thresholds. [J Refract Surg. 2021;37(7):446-452.].


    Mengdi Li, Lin Zhang, Yi Song, Weiting Hao, Xinheng Zhao, Yan Zhang, Vishal Jhanji, Yan Wang. Effect of Wavefront Aberrations on Night Vision Problems and Mesopic Contrast Threshold After SMILE. Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995). 2021 Jul;37(7):446-452

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    PMID: 34236902

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