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Chemokines are a type of cytokine that participate in the migration of macrophages and monocytes to inflammatory cells. In particular, CXC chemokines are involved in the development of many cancers. Evidence for the association between interleukin-8 receptor B (IL8RB) rs1126579 C > T variation and cancer risk remains contradictory. Here, we utilized a comprehensive analysis containing odds ratios (ORs), regression, and in silico tools to evaluate the effect of IL8RB polymorphism on cancer risk. We further employed Gene set enrichment analysis combined with ELISA to evaluate the IL8RB expression in patients with prostate cancer (PRAD). A total of 5,187 cancer cases and 6,691 controls were included in the present analysis. Individuals with the TT genotype were associated with an increased risk of cancer compared to those with the TC+CC genotype. In a subgroup analysis by type of cancer, individuals with the TT genotype had a 39% increased risk of urinary cancer compared to those with the CC genotype. A subgroup analysis by ethnicity showed that Asians carrying the TC genotype had a 26% lower risk of cancer than those carrying the CC genotype. We found that the expression of IL8RB was down-regulated in PRAD. Compared to that in PRAD subjects carrying the CC genotype, the expression of IL8RB was decreased in patients with the TT+TC genotype. In conclusion, the IL8RB rs1126579 C > T variation may be associated with cancer risk, especially in Asian populations and patients with PRAD.


Lihong Zhu, Bowen Tang, Ze Zhang, Shuzhang Wei, Zhiwei Lv, Yujuan Zhang, Minlie Yang. Effect of interleukin-8 receptor B (IL8RB) rs1126579 C>T variation on the risk to cancer. Bioengineered. 2021 Dec;12(1):3367-3384

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PMID: 34238119

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