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    This article proposes an innovative viscosity sensor based on the thickness-shear vibration of stress compensated (SC)-cut quartz resonator. The thickness-shear mode is first analyzed and further studied with fluid-structure interaction between the resonator and the viscous fluid loading. The characteristic equation is derived based on the 3-D linear piezoelectric equations and solved for sensitivity analysis. Then laboratory experiment is carried out to validate the theory. To conduct the viscosity measurement, the SC-cut quartz resonator is integrated with a U-tube test fixture, which is designed and fabricated for sensor housing to avoid the influence of the mass of the fluid. The resonator is tested with various viscosities by tuning the ratio of glycerol/water mixture. Experiment results show consistency with the analytical solution, which together present an improved sensitivity of viscosity measurement by using SC-cut quartz resonator comparing to other resonator-based viscosity sensors. The proposed viscosity sensor is sensitive, accurate, and portable, and therefore can be applied to real-time, on-site measurement or sampling of fluidic samples.


    Shuai Ju, Chen Zhang, Parham Zahedinejad, Haifeng Zhang. SC-Cut Quartz Resonators for Dynamic Liquid Viscosity Measurements. IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control. 2021 Dec;68(12):3616-3623

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    PMID: 34255627

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