Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by isolated glucocorticoid deficiency. Melanocortin receptor 2 (MC2R) mediates the functions of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in the adrenal cortex. MC2R accessory protein (MRAP) is a transmembrane protein involved in the trafficking of MC2R to the cell surface. Mutations in MC2R and MRAP genes cause FGD type 1 and 2. In the present case series, we evaluate the clinical characteristics and long-term follow-up of six cases with FGD due to mutations in MC2R and MRAP. Data of six cases with FGD (five with mutations in MC2R and one with a mutation in MRAP) who were being followed at our paediatric endocrine centre was evaluated. Diagnosis of FGD was considered in case of elevated ACTH and inappropriately low cortisol level, and exclusion of other aetiologies. The main presenting complaints were hyperpigmentation and hypoglycaemic convulsion in all cases. During a follow-up period of 26-115 months, one patient with homozygous 560delT mutation in MC2R, one female with G226R mutation in MC2R and one female with IVS3ds+1delG mutation in MRAP had a neurodevelopmental delay (NDD), while the other three patients had normal neurodevelopment. FGD patients due to MC2R and MRAP mutations with early diagnosis and compliance to the hydrocortisone therapy had normal neurodevelopment, while delay in diagnosis and poor compliance was associated with severe hypoglycaemic convulsions and subsequent complications NDD. © 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.


Mehmet Nuri Özbek, Meliha Demiral, Edip Unal, Nezahat Doğan Karaşin, Rıza Taner Baran, Huseyin Demirbilek. A rare and preventable aetiology of neurodevelopmental delay and epilepsy: familial glucocorticoid deficiency. Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM. 2021 Nov 25;34(11):1463-1468

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34271604

View Full Text