Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • amino acid (1)
  • archaea (3)
  • asp (2)
  • bacteria (2)
  • catalysis (1)
  • crystal (1)
  • CysQ (1)
  • exoribonucleases (1)
  • family (3)
  • his his (2)
  • histidinol (1)
  • ion (2)
  • phosphate (2)
  • plants (1)
  • pyrococcus (3)
  • yeast (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-monophosphate (pAp) is a byproduct of sulfate assimilation and coenzyme A metabolism. pAp can inhibit the activity of 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) reductase and sulfotransferase and regulate gene expression under stress conditions by inhibiting XRN family of exoribonucleases. In metazoans, plants, yeast, and some bacteria, pAp can be converted into 5'-adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and inorganic phosphate by CysQ. In some bacteria and archaea, nanoRNases (Nrn) from the Asp-His-His (DHH) phosphoesterase superfamily are responsible for recycling pAp. In addition, histidinol phosphatase from the amidohydrolase superfamily can hydrolyze pAp. The bacterial enzymes for pAp turnover and their catalysis mechanism have been well studied, but these processes remain unclear in archaea. Pyrococcus yayanosii, an obligate piezophilic hyperthermophilic archaea, encodes a DHH family pApase homolog (PyapApase). Biochemical characterization showed that PyapApase can efficiently convert pAp into AMP and phosphate. The resolved crystal structure of apo-PyapApase is similar to that of bacterial nanoRNaseA (NrnA), but they are slightly different in the α-helix linker connecting the DHH and Asp-His-His associated 1 (DHHA1) domains. The longer α-helix of PyapApase leads to a narrower substrate-binding cleft between the DHH and DHHA1 domains than what is observed in bacterial NrnA. Through mutation analysis of conserved amino acid residues involved in coordinating metal ion and binding substrate pAp, it was confirmed that PyapApase has an ion coordination pattern similar to that of NrnA and slightly different substrate binding patterns. The results provide combined structural and functional insight into the enzymatic turnover of pAp, implying the potential function of sulfate assimilation in hyperthermophilic cells.


    Zheng Jin, Weiwei Wang, Xuegong Li, Huan Zhou, Gangshun Yi, Qisheng Wang, Feng Yu, Xiang Xiao, Xipeng Liu. Structure and Function of Piezophilic Hyperthermophilic Pyrococcus yayanosii pApase. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Jul 02;22(13)

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34281213

    View Full Text