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    This study aimed to (1) identify the trajectories of prescribed antidepressants in refugee youth and matched Swedish-born peers diagnosed with common mental disorder (CMD) and (2) characterize the trajectories according to sociodemographic and medical factors. The study population comprised 2,198 refugees and 12,199 Swedish-born individuals with both Swedish-born parents, aged 16-25 years in 2011, residing in Sweden and treated in specialised healthcare for CMD 2009-11. Group-based trajectory modelling was used to identify different trajectory groups of antidepressant use-based on annual defined daily dosages (DDDs). Multinomial logistic regression was applied to investigate the association of sociodemographic and medical characteristics with the identified trajectories. Nagelkerke pseudo-R2 values were estimated to evaluate the strength of these associations. Four trajectory groups of antidepressant use among young refugees were identified with following proportions and DDD levels in 2011: 'low constant' (88%, < 100), 'low increasing' (2%, ≈710), 'medium decreasing' (8%, ≈170) and 'high increasing' (2%, ≈860). Similar trajectories, however, with different proportions were identified in Swedish-born: 67%, 7%, 21% and 5%, respectively. The most influential factors discriminating the trajectory groups among refugees were 'duration of stay in Sweden' (R2 = 0.013), comorbid 'other mental disorders' (R2 = 0.009) and 'disability pension' (R2 = 0.007), while 'disability pension' (R2 = 0.017), comorbid 'other mental disorders' (R2 = 0.008) and 'educational level' (R2 = 0.008) were the most important determinants discriminating trajectory groups among Swedish-born youth. The lower use of antidepressants in refugees with CMDs compared to their Swedish-born counterparts warrants health literacy programs for refugees and training in transcultural psychiatry for healthcare professionals. © 2021. The Author(s).


    S Rahman, S Filatova, L Chen, E Björkenstam, H Taipale, E Mittendorfer-Rutz. Trajectories of antidepressant use and characteristics associated with trajectory groups among young refugees and their Swedish-born peers with diagnosed common mental disorders-findings from the REMAIN study. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology. 2022 Feb;57(2):305-317

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    PMID: 34297179

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