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    That is probably the first study to date of trees and shrubs differing in age and growing on post-industrial soil contaminated with calcium (Ca) and selected toxic metals/metalloids. The obtained results show that an alkaline reaction (less than 9) of soil and an unusually high Ca concentration may help the studied tree species to adapt/survive in unfavorable habitat conditions (high concentration of toxic elements). The efficiency of phytoextraction of toxic elements was so high that, especially for forest animals (roe-deer) that consume, e.g., willow shoots, it could pose a serious threat to health and life, both for them and potentially for humans.


    Sylwia Budzyńska, Agata Kubiak, Małgorzata Szostek, Anna Budka, Monika Gąsecka, Przemysław Niedzielski, Linlin Zheng, Mirosław Mleczek. Trees and shrubs from a post-industrial area high in calcium and trace elements: the potential of dendroremediation. International journal of phytoremediation. 2022;24(5):493-506

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    PMID: 34310221

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