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Protein aggregate formation in prefilled syringes (PFSs) can be influenced by protein adsorption and desorption at the solid-liquid interface. Although inhibition of protein adsorption on the PFS surface can lead to a decrease in the amount of aggregation, the mechanism underlying protein adsorption-mediated aggregation in PFSs is unclear. This study investigated protein aggregation caused by protein adsorption on silicone oil-free PFS surfaces [borosilicate glass (GLS) and cycloolefin polymer (COP)] and the factors affecting the protein adsorption on the PFS surfaces. The adsorbed proteins formed multilayered structures that consisted of two distinct types of layers: proteins adsorbed on the surface of the material and proteins adsorbed on top of the proteins on the surface. A pH-dependent electrostatic interaction was the dominant force for protein adsorption on the GLS surface, while hydrophobic effects were dominant for protein adsorption on the COP surface. When the repulsion force between proteins was weak, protein adsorption on the adsorbed protein layer was increased for both materials and as a result, protein aggregation increased. Therefore, a formulation with high colloidal stability can minimize protein adsorption on the COP surface, leading to reduced protein aggregation. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Saki Yoneda, Takahiro Maruno, Asuka Mori, Ayana Hioki, Haruka Nishiumi, Rio Okada, Makoto Murakami, Wang Zekun, Ayano Fukuhara, Nozomi Itagaki, Yosuke Harauchi, Satoru Adachi, Kumi Okuyama, Taichi Sawaguchi, Tetsuo Torisu, Susumu Uchiyama. Influence of Protein Adsorption on Aggregation in Prefilled Syringes. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. 2021 Nov;110(11):3568-3579

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PMID: 34310973

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