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    Currently, several studies propose that the dominant intestinal bacteria are core flora. Besides keeping the homeostasis of the intestinal environment, the intestinal microflora also plays a role in body metabolism, production of some vitamins, and control of barrier function. The study aimed to investigate the jejunum microbiota in diabetic rats as well as it's the relationship with Ceftriaxone sodium-mediated gut dysbiosis, diabetic parameters, and intestinal permeability. Thirty-two Wistar rats (Male) were enrolled and divided into four groups (A, B, C, and D; N = 8). Subsequently, T2DM was induced in C and D groups by HFD/STZ model and then gut dysbiosis in B and D groups via intragastric administration of Ceftriaxone sodium for two weeks. The food-water intake, body weight, fasting blood glucose, plasma insulin, HOMA-IR, intestinal permeability, and jejunum microbiota and it's histology were investigated. In this study, T2DM was associated with a significant decrease in the richness and diversity of jejunum microbiota, elevation in the intestinal permeability, and higher abundance of some opportunistic pathogens. Ceftriaxone sodium-induced gut dysbiosis declined food-water intake, damagedthe villi of jejunum tissue, increased intestinal permeability, and affected the diversity of jejunum microbiota. In diabetic rats, Ceftriaxone sodium-mediated gut dysbiosis also declined the abundance of someSCFAs bacteria and raised the abundant of some opportunistic bacteria such as Staphylococcus_sciuri. Interestingly, we found that several bacteria were negatively correlated with HOMA-IR, fasting blood glucose, body weight, and intestinal permeability. Overall, the study highlighted the jejunum microflora alterations in HFD/STZ diabetic rats and assessed the effect of Ceftriaxone sodium-induced gut dysbiosis on diabetic parameters, jejunum microbiota and histology, and intestinal permeability, which are of potential for further studies. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.


    Babiker Saad Almugadam, Peng Yang, Li Tang. Analysis of jejunum microbiota of HFD/STZ diabetic rats. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2021 Jun;138:111094

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    PMID: 34311521

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