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Enzymatic stereospecific reduction of 17-oxosteroids offers an attractive approach to access 17β-hydroxysteroids of pharmaceutical importance. In this study, by adjusting the flexibility of α6-helix at the substrate entrance of the alcohol dehydrogenase from Ralstonia sp. (RasADH), the catalytic activity toward the stereospecific 17β-reduction of androstenedione was improved without sacrifice of the enantioselectivity. Among the mutants, F205I and F205A exhibited up to 623- and 523-fold improvement in catalytic efficiency, respectively, towards a range of different 17-oxosteroids compared to the wild-type enzyme. The corresponding 17β-hydroxysteroids were prepared in optically pure form with high space-time productivity and isolated yields using F205I as the biocatalyst, indicating that these mutants are promising biocatalysts for this useful transformation. These results suggest that modulating the flexibility of the active site lid offers an effective approach to engineer alcohol dehydrogenase for accommodating bulky steroidal substrates. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Yingying Zhou, Yu Wang, Xi Chen, Jinhui Feng, Min Wang, Qiaqing Wu, Dunming Zhu. Modulating the active site lid of an alcohol dehydrogenase from Ralstonia sp. enabled efficient stereospecific synthesis of 17β-hydroxysteroids. Enzyme and microbial technology. 2021 Sep;149:109837

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PMID: 34311882

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