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To prepare encapsulated clopidogrel bisulfate (CLP) liposomes so as to deal with the poor water solubility of CLP, and to provide the experimental basis for the development of CLP formulations for intravascular injection. CLP-loaded liposomes were prepared using thin film hydration/sonication method and pH gradient active drug loading technology. Then, the morphology, particle size, encapsulation efficiency, drug loading capacity, Zeta potentials and in vitro release behavior were characterized. Bilateral renal arteries of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were clamped with micro-artery clamps to establish the model of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in male SD rats. The study aimed to preliminarily investigate the therapeutic effect of CLP-loaded liposome pretreatment on renal IRI in rats. It was found that the optimal formulation and preparation technology of CLP liposomes were as follows: the CLP-to-phospholipid weight ratio of 1∶10, phospholipid-to-cholesterol ratio of 6∶1, octadecylamine-to-CLP ratio of 1.2∶1, PEG 400-to-CLP ratio of 1∶1, and incubation at 50 ℃ for 40 min. Then, following ultrasonication of 100 W efficiency at 5-second intervals for 20 times, CLP loading was conducted using 5 mL of 0.1 mol/L citric acid buffer at pH 3.0. Liposome samples were prepared with the film dispersion method, and the pH value was adjusted to 7.5 through pH gradient active drug loading technology. The CLP-loaded liposomes obtained in this way had a rounded shape, good dispersity, an average particle size of (134.13±2.60) nm, polydispersity index (PDI) of 0.25±0.02, and a Zeta potential of (2.12±0.23) mV. The encapsulation efficiency was found to be (98.66±0.14)%, and the drug loading capacity was (7.47±0.01)%. The in vitro release results showed that 66.24% of CLP was released cumulatively within 72 h. Preliminary efficacy experiments showed that animals pretreated with CLP-loaded liposomes had lower serum levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine compared to the levels of IRI model rats without any pretreatment. CLP-loaded liposomes were successfully prepared, which might provide the experimental foundation for the future development of CLP formulations for injection. Copyright© by Editorial Board of Journal of Sichuan University (Medical Sciences).


Bang-Qing Wu, Ying-Ju He, Zong-Ning Yin, Zhi-Rong Zhang, Li Deng. Preparation and Characterization of Clopidogrel Bisulfate Liposomes]. Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition. 2021 Jul;52(4):630-636

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PMID: 34323042

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