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    Intestinal dysfunction is a common complication of acute pancreatitis. MiR155 may be involved in the occurrence and development of intestinal dysfunction mediated by acute pancreatitis, but the specific mechanism is not clear. To investigate the effect of miR155 on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)-associated intestinal dysfunction and its possible mechanism in a mice model. In this study, SAP mice model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of caerulein and LPS in combination. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) was given by tail vein injection before the SAP model. The pancreatic and intestinal histopathology changes were analyzed. Cecal tissue was collected for 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing. Intestinal barrier proteins ZO-1 and E-cad were measured by Immunohistochemistry Staining and Western Blot, respectively. Intestinal tissue miR155 and inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 were detected by Q-PCR. The expression levels of protein associated with TNF-α and TLR4/MYD88 pathway in the intestinal were detected. In miR155 overexpression SAP group, the levels of tissue inflammatory factor were significantly increased, intestinal barrier proteins were significantly decreased, and the injury of intestinal was aggravated. Bacterial 16S rRNA sequencing was performed, showing miR155 promotes gut microbiota dysbiosis. The levels of TNF-α, TLR4, and MYD88 in the intestinal were detected, suggesting that miR155 may regulate gut microbiota and activate the TLR4/MYD88 pathway, thereby affecting the release of inflammatory mediators and regulating SAP-related intestinal injury. After application of miR155-sponge, imbalance of intestinal flora and destruction of intestinal barrier-related proteins have been alleviated. The release of inflammatory mediators decreased, and the histopathology injury of intestinal was improved obviously. MiR155 may play an important role in SAP-associated intestinal dysfunction. MiR155 can significantly alter the intestinal microecology, aggravated intestinal inflammation through TLR4/MYD88 pathway, and disrupts the intestinal barrier in SAP mice. © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


    Xiaoyu Yang, Jianhua Wan, Nianshuang Li, Cong He, Yue Zhang, Yuping Ren, Xueyang Li, Yin Zhu, Fen Liu, Liang Xia, Nonghua Lu. MiR155 Disrupts the Intestinal Barrier by Inducing Intestinal Inflammation and Altering the Intestinal Microecology in Severe Acute Pancreatitis. Digestive diseases and sciences. 2022 Jun;67(6):2209-2219

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    PMID: 34341909

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