Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Individually, the COVID-19 pandemic and opioid epidemic have each been responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths. Systemic racism, including public perceptions about people who use opioids, inadequate substance abuse prevention and treatment efforts, heightened risks for COVID-19 exposure, and inadequate access to testing and health care, has contributed to the ongoing disparities underlying these health crises. Thus, the authors propose an integrative framework for conceptualizing the COVID-19, opioid use, and racism (COR) syndemic, with traumatic stress as a critical underpinning of this model. Action is needed to address trauma and the COR syndemic. Implications for research, practice, and policy are discussed.


Denise Nguyen Hien, Alexandria G Bauer, Liza Franklin, Tanya Lalwani, Kierra Pean. Conceptualizing the COVID-19, Opioid Use, and Racism Syndemic and Its Associations With Traumatic Stress. Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.). 2022 Mar 01;73(3):353-356

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34346733

View Full Text