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The purposes of this study were (1) to compare postoperative range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes in patients with proximal humeral fractures operated on with cemented or uncemented reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA), (2) to compare the rate of tuberosity healing between cemented and uncemented stems, (3) to determine whether there are significant differences in functional outcomes between patients with healed tuberosities and those with unhealed tuberosities, and (4) to compare complications and revision rates in patients with cemented RSA and uncemented RSA. A cemented RSA was performed early in the study period, which represented a historical cohort (January 2015 to January 2017), followed by a transition to the uncemented RSA later in the study period (February 2017 to February 2019). We excluded 22 cases from postoperative evaluation because of fracture sequelae, age < 65 years, death, and institutionalization; 3 patients were lost to follow-up. The remaining 67 cases (32 cemented and 35 uncemented) underwent clinical and radiographic evaluation by 2 independent fellowship-trained shoulder surgeons. Patients were assessed regarding ROM and the visual analog scale for pain, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, Constant score, and Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation score. All intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. The mean follow-up period was 41 months (range, 24-72 months), and the mean age was 74 years (range, 65-84 years). Mean postoperative active elevation, internal rotation, external rotation in abduction, and external rotation in adduction were 130° (±15°), 27° (±5°), 28° (±10°), and 16° (±6°), respectively. The mean postoperative visual analog scale, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, Constant, and Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation scores were 1.8 (±0.8), 74 (±6), 58 (±11), and 74% (±8), respectively. There were no significant differences in final ROM and functional scores between the cemented and uncemented groups. The rate of tuberosity healing did not vary significantly in relation to whether the stem was cemented. The subgroup of patients with tuberosity healing presented significantly better active elevation, external rotation, and Constant scores than the subgroup without tuberosity healing. There were 5 complications (7%) and no cases of aseptic humeral stem loosening. In the short term (mean, 41 months), there were no significant differences in postoperative ROM, functional outcomes, complications, and revisions between patients operated on with cemented RSA and those operated on with uncemented RSA for proximal humeral fractures. Patients with healed tuberosities presented significantly better ROM and functional scores than patients without tuberosity healing. The cementation of the stem did not significantly affect the rate of tuberosity healing. Copyright © 2021 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Luciano A Rossi, Bruchmann Maria Guillermina, Martin Buljubasich, Nicolás Atala, Ignacio Tanoira, Santiago Bongiovanni, Maximiliano Ranalletta. Cemented versus uncemented reverse shoulder arthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures. Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery. 2022 Feb;31(2):261-268

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PMID: 34358669

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