Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • AMPK (1)
  • chronic diseases (1)
  • metformin (6)
  • Nrf2 (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The present paper demonstrates that metformin (MF) induced a broad spectrum of hormetic biphasic dose responses in a wide range of experimental studies, affecting multiple organ systems, cell types, and endpoints enhancing resilience to chemical stresses in preconditioning and co-current exposure protocols. Detailed mechanistic evaluations indicate that MF-induced hormetic-adaptive responses are mediated often via the activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK) protein and its subsequent upregulation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). Hormesis-induced protective responses by MF are largely mediated via a vast and highly integrated anti-inflammatory molecular network that enhances longevity and delays the onset and slows the progression of neurodegenerative and other chronic diseases. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Edward J Calabrese, Evgenios Agathokleous, Rachna Kapoor, Gaurav Dhawan, Walter J Kozumbo, Vittorio Calabrese. Metformin-enhances resilience via hormesis. Ageing research reviews. 2021 Nov;71:101418

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 34365027

    View Full Text