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Glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gpd1 isoform) catalyzes the rate limiting step of glycerol synthesis and is a critical component of the osmo-responsive machinery in yeast. The three-dimensional structure of the enzyme is similar to the enzyme from many other organisms, including humans. A recent study with the human enzyme has proposed K120 (K152 in yeast) to be in the correct orientation for catalysis; K204 (K245 in yeast) is out of plane and is not a participant in the catalytic cycle. The current work was carried out to establish the role of K245 in the catalytic cycle of yeast Gpd1. K245A mutant was found to possess lower catalytic activity. Osmotically stressed cells expressing Gpd1 (K245A) showed no change in intracellular glycerol as compared with wild-type cells which showed ~60% increase. Fluorescence microscopy, native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) analysis, fluorescence spectroscopy, and Thioflavin T spectrofluorimetry showed a relatively unstable, aggregation- and degradation-prone conformation for the mutant. In silico studies showed an aggregation "hotspot" around K245. This study establishes the requirement of K245 for conformational stability and functional adaptation of Gpd1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Anusha R Pallapati, Sri D Sirigiri, Swati Jain, Vamsi Ratnala, Ipsita Roy. Lysine245 plays a crucial role in stability and function of glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gpd1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of cellular biochemistry. 2021 Nov;122(11):1726-1736

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PMID: 34369003

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