Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a chronic retinal disease, which requires intensive clinical monitoring. Within the last ten years the intravitreal anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) therapy has become the standard of care to improve and stabilize vision in patients with centre involving DME. Long-acting intravitreal corticosteroids can achieve similar visual results with fewer injection rates. Because of steroid-induced side effects (progression of cataract, glaucoma) these drugs are regarded as second-line medication. Since the introduction of anti-VEGF-medication the focal laser photocoagulation is no longer considered as first-line therapy for DME. However, a focal laser treatment can sometimes be a possible alternative in specific situations. In patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and DME, the intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy is approved for both conditions. In ischemic maculopathy the functional outcome is restricted. For the indication of anti-VEGF-treatment for DME with accompanying central ischemia not only visual acuity and optical coherence tomography parameters should be considered, the amount of ischemia seen on fluorescein angiography should also be taken into account. In tractional macular edema due to epiretinal membranes and vitreomacular adhesions a pars-plana vitrectomy with membrane peeling is indicated. Thieme. All rights reserved.


Teresa Barth, Horst Helbig. Diabetic Macular Edema]. Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde. 2021 Sep;238(9):1029-1043

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 34380156

View Full Text