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    Two morphologies of laccase-mineral hybrid complexes, i.e., laccase-mineral hybrid nanoflowers (La-HNF) and nanopetals (La-HNP), were synthesized via biomineralization using Cu3 (PO4)2·3H2O as the mineral for Evans Blue (EB) dye biodegradation. XRD patterns and FT-IR spectra results revealed the successful immobilization of laccase via in-situ formed Cu3(PO4)2·3H2O crystals. Compared with free laccase, laccase-mineral hybrid complexes showed higher enzymatic activity due to the activation effect induced by copper ions of Cu3(PO4)2·3H2O, further, the improved kinetic parameters of laccase-mineral hybrid complexes could be ascribed to nanoscale-dispersed laccase molecules within hybrid complexes. For EB dye biodegradation, the reason why the biodegradation efficiency (94.9%) of La-HNF was higher than that (86.8%) of La-HNP could be synergistic effect of immobilized laccase within 3D hierarchical structure of La-HNF. In addition, the optimized biodegradation conditions (pH 4.6 and 40 °C) of La-HNF were obtained, moreover, 93.2% and 48.1% of EB dye were biodegraded by La-HNF after stored for 30 days and reused for 10 cycles, respectively, demonstrating La-HNF have good practicability. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Miaorong Zhang, Yan Zhang, Chuankai Yang, Chunyun Ma, Yuhang Zhang, Jianguo Tang. Facile synthesis of recyclable laccase-mineral hybrid complexes with enhanced activity and stability for biodegradation of Evans Blue dye. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2021 Oct 01;188:783-789

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    PMID: 34389390

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